Dry-toilets – the hygienic and environmentally friendly camping toilet
The category of dry toilets contains all toilets that do not rinse and work without chemicals, which makes them ideal for locations without a water or sewer connection.
A dry toilet runs without any water or chemistry. The feces, together with urine, fall into some kind of tank or bucket and remain there until this is filled up and the contents are disposed of. Traditionally, the feces are thrown into a pit, which is – as soon as it is full – filled up and a new one is dug out at some distance. This process repeats cyclically (“wandering pit toilet“). Outhouse toilets are to be distinguished from other dry toilets, such as composting toilets or separating toilets.
A special form of the dry toilet is the so-called dry-separating toilet. Here, the natural separation of human excretions is maintained by capturing urine and solids separately. The urine is either discharged into the sewage system, trickled on a mud wall or, in mobile solutions, collected in a container. Diluted urine can be used as a fertilizer. The solid excrements and toilet paper are collected in a container under the toilet.
In the variant composting toilet, the feces are covered or mixed with absorbent substrates, such as e.g. Straw, sawdust or coconut fiber and composted afterwards.